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Future Of Ride Sharing App

In the US alone there are over 1.7 million registered ride sharing drivers that work actively. In Nepal, there are an estimated over 100,000 ride sharing drivers, specifically the two-wheeler drivers who are actively providing this service.

Rise of Ride sharing
The culture of ride-hailing or ride-sharing surfaced in the valley in early 2017, when Tootle Nepal first made its appearance as the first ever home-grown ride-sharing application. Sixit Bhatta, the co-founder and CEO of Tootle Nepal took heavy inspiration from the prevailing western ride sharing technologies namely Uber and Lyft, from the United States. Since then a wave of new and alternative ride sharing applications has organically as well as rapidly grown into the valley as well as some major cities of Nepal.
Ride Sharing in Nepal started as the two-wheeler service that was more viable for the rough terrain and thin alley ways of the core value. Also to save more time in the in-city traffic, people majorly opted for the fast and swift mode of two-wheelers as their preference for ride sharing vehicle option. Hopping on to this sector of the service industry, this decade has seen major ride sharing service like Pathao Nepal; the Bangladeshi company that has prevailed the market, Sarathi, inDriver, Sajilo, Sahara and other major ride sharing services that are active in the Kathmandu Valley.
“Pathao Nepal alone has trained over 100,000 riders for the service they relentlessly provide.”

This shows how the way of urban public transportation is completely going a service driven route. These established and growing ride-sharing service providers have completely changed the urban young population commute through their daily travel requirements. Now-a-days, the adult and elderly population too have become familiar with the concept of ride-sharing and how it is better and more convenient than the crowded and lengthy public transport rides.

Where does it stand today?

With the growth in the usage of smartphones, most individuals in the urban and suburban cities have access to smartphones, internet facilities and the mobile data facilities. This has further accelerated the popularity of ride sharing services due to its convenience, speed and comfort of being able to have a customized ride for one. According to the NepaliWheels team's judgment, ride sharing services reign the public transport and commuting options especially in the valley and the major cities of Nepal.

Rather than waiting for a public vehicle at the bus stations, getting in with the crowd and fighting for seats and struggling for the most basic need to transport and commute, the ride sharing services have been able to solve all the mentioned issues for a bystander. With the most convenient user interface and usage ability, people with minimal experience in technology can swiftly map the different applications interfaces. Also due to its 24/7 availability, people started to prefer these ride sharing services as not trusted and believed them even more as they would be using it at the most inconvenient hours of the night.
“After the Covid-19 pandemic, ride sharing applications saw a BOOM in their business.”

The Pandemic made people avoid major crowds, especially in the crowded and congested public transport vehicles. The ride sharing services in both two-wheeler and four-wheeler taxi services provided a more secure, individual, safer and customized ride for the conscious commuters. The mode of transport was slowly inclining towards these single rider and customer ride sharing services that fulfilled all the safety protocols for the Pandemic in Nepal.

Legal Constraints
The ride-hailing service providers have faced a plethora of legal hurdles and challenges. From getting their operations temporarily closed by the Department of Transport Management, Government of Nepal, harassment allegations and cases around the company, the Nepal Meter Taxi Entrepreneur’s Association (NMTEA); an umbrella organization under the registered taxi operators, taking actions against the ride sharing services run by private two-wheeler or four-wheeler owners and so much more. Companies like Pathao Nepal, Tootle Nepal and inDriver Nepal have faced the most legal constraints that were more visible in the public eye.

The entire concept of ride sharing services operates on the laws that directly goes against the existing Motor Vehicles and Transportation Management Act-1993 prohibits the use of private vehicles to carry passengers on fares; the entire concept of all the ride-hailing services that operate globally. This created a major feud against the home-grown as well as global ride sharing companies to halt their services. The services were actually halted in early 2019, due to its inability to perform according to the Nepal government's reigning law. As there is a growing need for more convenient commuting options, the country desperately needs to make a separate act to manage and regulate new forms of urban transportation; the ride sharing services.

There have been instances where unauthorized riders have claimed to be the registered ride sharing drivers and have assaulted, looted, and vandalized the customer when they were on a recorded trip. This issue has recently surfaced about many ride sharing services that has made these companies take actions and make major changes to their company policies that were in benefit of not just the company but the rider as well as the customer. Pathao Nepal and Tootle Nepal requires its riders and delivery personnels to wear jackets with company logo on them and put up company logo stickers either on their vehicles or helmets. The Pathao Insured step taken by Pathao Nepal is commendable as the company takes responsibility for the rider as well as the customers safety.
THE FUTURE!!

“There are over 15 ride sharing services actively operating all over Nepal.”

And it is still expanding. Not just in the valley, ride sharing services have seen opportunities in major cities like Pokhara, Biratnagar, Itahari, Dharan, Chitwan and other major cities of Nepal. Companies like Pathao Nepal, Lozoom, Super App, Eddy cab have slowly expanded to the major busy cities of Nepal. Ride sharing in Pokhara has seen some popularity through Pathao Nepal and Pathao Food that is showing its presence in the city. NepaliWheels feels the future is bright!!

Ride sharing applications and services have been introduced to many new ventures as well. A sector that ride-hailing services of Nepal had never thought of exploring was the food delivery as well as actual product delivery services; in a surficial and minute level. For example, Pathao Nepal has expanded its services to Pathao Food and sometimes Pathao Nepal is used as a trusted delivery platform for different goods when in an emergency scenario. With this discovery, we can expect the other ride sharing services to hop on to these potential markets or even introduce newer markets to the sector.

There lies a rapid growth prospect for ride sharing services in major cities as public transport is viewed as a tedious task to complete and fewer people want to travel through the traffic congested roads in Nepal. With proper regulations and improved laws applied and drafted by the Department of Transport Management, Government of Nepal, the ride-hailing services can be operated in a lawful manner that would not disturb the existing transport services and a peaceful and fair environment for all can be created.

JAWA Was Not Built From Scratch

The Jawa, Jawa 42 or the Jawa Perak? Which of these revolutionary bike models have you heard about? Or are you even familiar with the name Jawa? Or do you confuse it with the Royal Enfield? Too many questions at once? This blog will answer it all for you!!

JAWA GLOBAL
The founder of JAWA Motorcycles; František Janeček was born on 23rd January, 1878 in Klaster, a small village in Bohemia (modern-day Czech Republic). He was the founding father of this giant motorcycle empire that it is today. Over the course of serving in World War One, he designed and patented over 60 inventions that included many ammunitions like the improved hand grenades for the CzechRepublican Army. As the European nations were turning their manufacturing expertise towards the evolving motorcycle industry, František Janeček too saw an opportunity here.

“JAWA was not built from scratch”

Instead, František Janeček purchased the motorcycle business Wanderer from German manufacturer Winklhofer & Jaenicke, along with the design and tooling used for the manufacturing process. How did JAWA got its name you may question?

“Combining the first two letters from “Janiček” and “Wanderer”, the first Jawa motorcycle was conceived – the Jawa 500 OHV.”

Trying to manufacture low weight, practical, efficient and faster motorcycles for the larger mass, JAWA stepped into the category with the JAWA 175 and discontinued their first ever JAWA 500 OHV. Furthermore, JAWA introduced a majority of its motorcycle models with 250cc to 300cc engines that majorly focused on speed, endurance and durability. After 1939, JAWA motorcycles were heavily seen in the domestic race tracks of Czechoslovakia. Even though World War Two, had made their company to forcefully manufacture weapons as per the Nazi orders, Janeček secretly went onto designing and manufacturing the now very famous; JAWA Perak.

“The 60’s and 70’s was when JAWA actually took over the Motocross and Enduro World.”

This was the time when the JAWA’s durability claims had made it so loved that it was being exported to almost 120 countries world wide. JAWA was now everywhere. JAWA INDIA In the 1960’s, JAWA made its entrance into the Asian pie of the globe. It entered into India under the licensed partnership with Ideal JAWA. Initially they imported the JAWA motorcycles into the country. The JAWA 250 series was very popular among the urban Indian youths dues to how simple, rugged and strong the motorcycle was as well as due to the very many races that it won. JAWA became so popular in India, a complete manufacturing plant was established in Mysore, Karnataka, that manufactured the JAWA 250 types. The Ideal JAWA company then manufactured a completely different motorcycle under the technical surveillance of JAWA namely; the Yezdi. This 1970’s launch was not well digested by the Indian as well as some Asian nations. This model was actually the first step of JAWA’s downfall. Major motorcycle companies like Honda, Yamaha had already entered the market by then manufacturing more fuel efficient and energy saving two-wheelers that were way better and cheaper than the JAWA motorcycles. And a major competitor, Royal Enfield took over the market share of JAWA.

In the year 2018, JAWA motorcycles was taken over by the Mahindra group in India. They launched the JAWA and JAWA 42 during this re-launch of the brand. It was a fresh start for JAWA under new leadership and a vast market to explore and cover.

JAWA NEPAL
As JAWA took its first re-launch steps in India in 2018, Agni Motonic under the Agni Group of companies took the role as the sole official distributor of JAWA motorcycles for Nepal. In the mid of october, 2020, Agni Motonic officially announced their JAWA launch for Nepal. Jawa Nepal, pretty similar to JAWA India launched with the motorcycle models JAWA and the JAWA Forty Two. The JAWA Classic, as the original patent motorcycle from JAWA is priced at Rs. 7,05,000 (for the single channel ABS) and Rs. 7,36,000 (for the dual channel ABS). The newly launched fresher variant of the JAWA 42 2.1 is priced at Rs. 7,71,000. The Forty Two variant and the classic have very similar features with some distinctions that justify the price differences.

The JAWA Perak is the hot topic of the town. The Perak is well known for its looks and the signature single seater seating arrangement that makes it differ from any other similar looking cruiser motorcycles. The jet black JAWA Perak can be seen cruising around the valley these days. This beauty is the most expensive JAWA bike available in Nepal, priced at Rs. 8,20,000. Directly competing with the Royal Enfield and Bullet 350, JAWA is a fairly new player in the cruiser motorcycle market in Nepal. We can see the slow growing popularity of the motorcycle due to its simplicity, ruggedness and durability. I hope JAWA Nepal has planned to get more of the amazing model os JAWA motorcycles for the urban youths to make it a “KOMMUNITI”.

MV Augusta F3 675 | Full Review

MV Agusta started off as an aviation company inspired by the Wright brothers? Within the first ten years of the first ever flight taken, MV Agusta aviation company was able to manufacture an airplane named the AG 1. Later they proceeded to manufacture many airplanes when they secretly jumped into manufacturing their first ever two-wheelers. After the sports version of the MV 98 was released, MV Agusta’s official entry in the racing sector was declared. Since then this Italian bike; MV Agusta, has dominated the race tracks.

BODY OVERVIEW:

“Headlights are sharper than a tiger's claw!!”

It actually looks like it could cut through the winds. The headlight positioning, windscreen and side mirrors are clustered together into an inverted triangular shape. The Windscreen does not have ample wind protecting height and the mirrors are not much outward facing causing less visibility on the sides. But the more packed and sharp the head of a sports bike is, the faster it goes, so we can't complain.
“The front side indicators are mounted onto the side mirrors.” Well that's pretty sick!! Just look at the Gigantic fuel compartment and the body structure around it, these sharp edges!! This bike isn’t here to play. Comparatively, it is much smaller than other sports bikes but its overall design integration makes it feel much stronger. “Motorcycle Art”: MV Agusta’s tagline really complements F3 675. Instrument cluster is fully digital from the speedometer, odometer, trip meter, ra Clock, ABS Light, Fuel Gauge, Low Oil Indicator, Low Battery Indicator and other major features are included too. Being the true sports racing beast it is, the handling and riding position is well structured for the bike’s sporty and racer feel.

Continuing the racer aesthetics is the rear section as well, the seating position is designed rather aggressively. But the F3 675 has a well designed ratio from the footpegs to the seat height which actually is comfortable for all heights. The handle positions definitely give a little strain on the back of the rider but

THIS IS THE FUN OF RIDING THIS BEAUTY!!!

Look at the way the bike flys at the rear!! Amazing!!
Seats are a bit stiff and less cushiony which could be improved but race bikes are meant to be challenging right?? We can track some small indicator lamps and the tail lamps are integrated into the pillion seat. The most beautiful scene in the rear is the 3 exhaust cylinders. Look at how well it is placed. The ALS Steel Tubular Trellis Frame peaks near the exhaust along with the Thermoplastic Fairings. The MV Agusta F3 675 has all the features that a racer's dream bike should have and the dual tone colors on the bike adds the icing on the cake.

ENGINE AND PERFORMANCE:

The engine!! Again, where do we even start from???

Every part of the F3 675 will make race bike enthusiasts speechless. The engine is a 675 cc, 4 stroke, 3 cylinder, 12 valve, “D.O.H.C” with mechanical chain tensioner and euro 4 emission standard. This beast generates a maximum power of 128 [email protected] RPM and a maximum torque of 70.5 [email protected] RPM. This bike has one of the largest displacement and power and torque generation among all the sports bikes that has been reviewed here on NEPALI WHEELS!!! The engine cooling system has two separate liquid and oil cooling radiators. But the MV Agusta F3 675 generates a bit more heat than the others, but it is justifiable due to its powerful engine.


HIGHLIGHT OF THE F3 675:

The Engine Management System: supports the Integrated ignition. It has an Injection system MVICS (Motor & Vehicle Integrated Control System) with six injectors Engine control unit Eldor EM2.0, throttle body full ride by wire Mikuni, pencil-coil with ion-sensing technology, control of detonation and misfire. To make it even more unique it has Eight levels of Traction Control and Four different riding modes from normal to custom modes. The Wet, multi-disc slipper clutch keeps the high heat generated from high torque and high friction at a minimal level. The engine gets power input from 3 different locations in the bike, accumulated in the central main engine and again the output can be seen through the 3 cylinder exhausts in the rear. This integrated system of the MV Agusta F3 675 makes it one of the most amazing and powerful racers of its time.

“Speed is what racing beats are built for.”

The 6 speed, cassette style transmission box is what makes this beat fly in the racing tracks, actuallyyy!! Its recorded top speed is 251 km/h. At the first gear, the bike can rev over 100km/hr and along the 6 gear shifts, imagine how fast this beast can accelerate. This bike has a 16.5 liter fuel tank with an average full tank ride range of 190 -195 km. Mileage is estimated between 15 and 20 kmpl to power this one hell of a machine. Unfortunately, it is less than many four-wheelers in the scene. But all in all the F3 675 is a very fast motorcycle built for the race tracks and race tracks only. And also the throttle makes a really satisfying note when revved.

SPECIFICATIONS
As already pointed out, the ALS Steel Tubular Trellis Frames are used to make the structure of the MV Agusta F3 675. This frame design has made the bike even more racing equipped with ease during cornering as the bike moves parallel to the rider's body. The suspension setting includes an “UPSIDE DOWN” telescopic hydraulic fork with rebound-compression damping and spring preload external and separate adjustment in the front, with a 125 mm fork travel. The Rear suspension is a 123mm wheel travel, Progressive Sachs, single shock absorber with rebound and compression damping and spring preload adjustment. Suspension of this bike is “as soft as cushions”.

The Braking system is equipped with the ABS system. We can see 320mm Double loading disc brakes on the front and 220mm steel single disc brakes on the rear. According to our overview, the rear brakes perform better than the front brakes, as a part of a racing bike component. Both the suspension and braking system are comfortable and soft, but the brakes seem to be a bit sudden and strong but for the rider's safety, it is an irreplaceable element. The beast gets 17 inch aluminum alloy wheels, measuring 120/70-ZR in the front and 180/55-ZR in the rear. The tyres are made as smooth as possible to spin like butter on the racing tracks. The dimensions are built exactly to fit the racing tracks. The overall length and width is 2030 mm and 730 mm respectively. 830mm seat height fits any rider with an average height above 5’5 ft. The 120mm ground clearance is not built for any road terrain, especially not for the unpredictable roads of Nepal with natural and man-made bumps. The MV Agusta F3 675 weighs around 173 kgs, but doesn't feel like it when one is riding it.

CONCLUSION:

When beauty meets the beast.

The MV Agusta F3 675 has been listed as the top 400 Most Beautiful Bikes in the world. Along with its art-like design, its roaring power can be defined by every specification and feature it possesses. From its amazingly powerful engine and 3 cylinder exhausts to the air bending design, We can now say that, “MV Agusta F3 675 is the dream bike for the racer.”

This bike is made for the race tracks and not exactly for the streets, but it does perform well on the streets with black topped paves and smooth roads. Very specifically, this bike is designed for a racer and ride enthusiast. Due to its handling and seating positions and the mileage it gives, the F3 675 would not be the most practical daily usage bike but for a racer point of view, this is one the best bikes a racer could ever dream of. It is available in beautiful colors like the AGO Red/AGO Silver, Pearl White and Matt Avio Grey. Priced at Rs. 43,90,000, it has paved its way to be among the most expensive two-wheelers of Nepal, but surprisingly it is actually the most affordable bike among other MV Agusta bikes.
Directly targeting the premium race enthusiasts, MV Agusta manufactures only 8500 bikes a year, making it fall among the small bike manufacturers of the world. This shows how MV Agusta focuses on quality rather than quantity when designing their everlasting race beasts.

Genuine Spare Parts In KTM

Did you know that the original vehicle manufacturer alone manufactures and supplies two different variants of spare parts in the market. Imagine what the secondary market and more importantly the aftermarket industry looks like??? The number of fakes and duplicates???

“In the US alone there are over 1100 spare auto parts manufacturing businesses and imagine the number of retailers and wholesalers who are selling these to the car manufacturers, OEMs (Original Equipment Manufacturer) and even the aftermarket industry.”

The spare auto parts market is globally a well flourishing business that has its reach to every nook and cranny to serve what the vehicle owners require to maintain, modify and protect their vehicles. The asian side of the globe is always forward in terms of the automobile industry as major car companies have their entities based in the asian lands. Similarly, the spare parts industry is massive to reciprocate the demand for spare auto parts in this region.
“Let’s be more specific to the spare parts of bikes.”
In such a small country like Nepal, we can witness the densely populated spare parts market spread all over the country. From genuine spare parts to the duplicate aftermarket spare parts, the nepali market has everything to offer at varying price ranges. Not all spare auto parts sellers sell genuine or company stamped products. There are three listed variations of spare parts available in nepal. They are listed below:

A. GENUINE AUTO PARTS
- These spare parts are the ones that are ethically manufactured by the vehicle manufacturer themselves or company contracted manufacturer. These are the most expensive variation of spare parts as they are genuinely made to fit for the vehicle with original company logo, stamps, RFIDs and more recognizing factors. These spare parts are built to last and perfectly complement the vehicle they are used in and are warrantied by the vehicle manufacturer themselves. In the context of Nepal, there are companies and stores that sell genuine spare parts for brands such as TVS, KTM, Yamaha, Suzuki, Honda, Bajaj and other more two-wheeler companies. It can be difficult to find genuine and original spare parts for some older versions of bikes and scooters and can be a really heavy penny for the pocket.

B. OEM (ORGINAL EQUIPMENT MANUFACTUER)
- OEM are the outsourced manufacturers that are appointed by the original vehicle manufacturer to produce spare parts under their specifications and quality guidelines. OEM spare parts are exactly the same as genuine spare parts but are packaged under the label of the outsourced company but the product inside is the one that exactly fits the vehicles of the manufacturer. Outsourcing is always a cheaper way to operate and do things. So outsourcing the spare auto parts manufacturer, the vehicle companies save a pretty penny under this route to manufacture. It also makes these spare parts much cheaper and affordable than the original ones. These OEM parts are accredited by the original vehicle manufacturer, are of the best quality, fit for your two-wheeler and available easily at an affordable rate. Thus, this variation of spare parts are said to be the best quality ones for the best price. Nepal’s market is filled with such dealers who sell these OEM spare parts for similar companies mentioned above. Consumers in Nepal also prefer to buy these OEM spare parts in Nepal due to the advantages of affordability and trusted quality.

C. AFTERMARKET PARTS
- These variations of spare parts are generally made for the most popular vehicles and are counterfeited from the original spare parts designs and quality. As the name says Aftermarket parts, this explains that these products are generally a copy and duplicate of the genuine and OEM parts that already exist in the market. They lag in quality, accuracy of the fit in the vehicle, guarantee from the original vehicle companies, the companies logo and accreditation marks. Some aftermarket parts could be manufacturing even better quality spare parts than the OEM parts but the majority of them heavily differ in quality. They are way cheaper than the genuine and OEM parts and are less durable as the materials used to build are not the best in quality. The Nepalese market has a wide market for the aftermarket spare parts that will help buyers save a hefty amount of money. These aftermarket parts heavily affect the entire vehicle in performance and even deteriorate the vehicle in the long run.
The Nepal market for spare parts of bikes and scooters is very diverse. There are people who only prefer genuine parts and some vehicle owners who want to settle for the cheapest product possible. To keep one’s vehicle healthy, it is highly recommended to at least use the OEM products to save some money as well saving the vehicle from future damages. There are some well renowned spare parts sellers in the Kathmandu Valley are Auto Spare parts Nepal, Nepal Auto Deals, Yamaha Genuine Spare parts, Honda Genuine parts, Shree Deep Auto center and many more stores that we might have missed.


Do mention the names of the stores in the comment section below, that you know of sells the most reliable Spare parts in Nepal. And always be careful on what you invest your penny into specially for the assets you love.

Forged Takeover? Know The Genuine!

Counterfeits, Duplicates, Mock-ups, Lookalikes are some words that are used to describe the unauthorized spare auto parts that we will be discussing below. The fakes of the original spare auto parts have a market of their own. It is called the secondary or the aftermarket. As mentioned above about an Indian states net worth of fake spare auto parts industry, we can only imagine how big it is and its impact on the market of genuines and originals.

“The fakes, OME’s and the genuines, they cannot be easily separated until someone really recognizes the real ones.”

The duplicate spare parts in Nepal and all over the globe look so promising and real that normal buyers can be easily tricked through simple manipulation about the fakes being genuine spare parts. The look of it is sold to the buyer. Its quality, durability, reliability and performing abilities are not even in measurable level with the original ones. Once the buyers here in Nepal are manipulated by their “known sellers”, they eventually regret their decision to purchase such cheap spare parts here as it shows how defective and harmful it is in the long run. These counterfeit spare parts directly affect the engine failure, break failure, electric hazards, weak protective screens and more. To be more aware about what is genuine and what is fake, NepaliWheels has curated a list of critical points that helps one recognize the originality of a spare part in Nepal.

a. Uncommon Packaging
- If there are any misspellings and unsettling phrases in the packaging then these sort of spare parts are duplicates. As the duplicates are made to replicate the originals they are made in a way that is an exact lookalike of the genuine packaging but they definitely lag in the simplest things such as spellings, color accuracy, design placements, company logo and ID placements, phrasing mistakes and more. This will simply determine and differentiate the fake spare part from the original.

b. Serial/Batch Number
- All genuine and OEM spare parts in Nepal and globally come with a specified serial or batch number. This serial number will help the buyer trace back the originality and genuinity of a product. A counterfeit will not have a real serial or batch number that is used as an ID for the spare part that is to be sold. This is an important determining factor for a genuine spare part.

c. Hologram
- These are illuminating stickers on the packaging of the spare part that showcases a camouflage image of the company’s logo and branding. This along with the serial or batch number is important to determine that these spare parts have come from a genuine manufacturer either the original company or the OEM manufacturer.

d. QR Code
- QR Codes are scannable codes that trace the genuinity of the spare parts. When the spare auto parts are actually genuine, each of these spare parts actually have their own unique QR code that can be scanned for details about the product and its manufacturer. If the spare part is fake, the QR code cannot be scanned by a smartphone.

e. RFID Tags
- RFID or Radio Frequency Identification are the electronic tags that are printed onto the packaging of the spare parts or the spare parts themselves. These RFID tags are majorly seen on the more expensive and higher value OEM spare parts which is generally tracked by the manufacturer of the spare parts. These RFIDs help the customers get the genuine spare parts, as it is a sign of verification from the manufacturer that this product is real and reliable.

f. Asymmetrical auto part components
- One very obvious way to recognize the fakes is the spare parts themselves. Counterfeit and duplicates are manufactured in mass and in a hurry without any prior attention to the quality of the spare parts and the materials used. As they are literal copies of the original company made and OEM spare parts, the build of the look-alikes are completely different and not durable at all in comparison to the originals.

g. “Made in ....” Labels
- This may look minor but the “Made in ...” tag plays a huge role in customers' belief and their understanding of genuine and fake. If these tags are written as “Made in India”, “Made in Japan” or “Made in USA”, customers are likely to believe that the spare parts would be genuine. But counterfeiting these “made in ...” tags are very easy to print. If a duplicate spare part is labeled as “Made in india”, consumers here in Nepal would happily purchase the spare part. Misinformation is the key to customer confusion.

h. Wide price difference
- The other most obvious way to recognize a fake spare part would be the unbelievable price gaps between the genuine spare part market price and the duplicates. If the discount rates on important spare parts are aggressively high then it is a matter of concern as the genuine spare part’s market price is not saying so. Counterfeits are a BIG NO!! No matter what to elongate the health of one's two-wheeler it is essential to take good and accurate care of it. Feeding in unreliable spare parts and auto parts into the vehicle's system would affect its long-term performance and would be a burden to the owner themselves. Thus, it would be wise to research a bit more and invest a little more into genuine and OEM spare parts in Nepal.

Travel Safely with a Pillion Rider

A two-wheeler is regularly a difficult vehicle to ride. It has to be well balanced, operated and rode by an individual. If a second individual is added onto the two-wheeler, the task gets even more complex. Not as complex as I made it sound here, but both the rider and the pillion passenger are equally responsible for making the entire ride more safe and smooth. We have curated a list of 7 tips that will leverage safe travel with a pillion and these tips are directed towards both the rider and the pillion.

a. Can your two-wheeler handle a pillion??
- This one is for the riders. Can you bike or scooter currently handle a pillion passenger? Is it able to function normally with an additional weight onto it? The rider must first recognize if the current status of the bike or scooter is fit enough to handle the pillion. This can be an unsaid fact that two-wheelers are able to handle two people on them but some uncertain situations might occur when the rider has to be aware of.

b. Pillion Helmet is a must!
- The helmet culture for pillion passengers in Nepal is non-existent. People here find it unnecessary to put on a safety helmet during a two-wheeler ride. But it is a basic necessity that people here quite don’t understand and follow. During an unfortunate incident, there are severe injuries to the pillion passenger rather than the rider as they are not well protected, especially they do not have a helmet on them. Thus, it is essential to recognize the importance of pillion helmets.

c. No unnecessary movements please!
- This is very general yet crucial information to the pillion. Sudden unprecedented movements are disturbing the riders ability to ride safely. As the rider is responsible for balancing the two-wheeler, the pillion and riding the bike as they are on the handles, a pillion passenger must be aware of their movements and not distract the rider under any circumstance.

d. Safe distance between the rider and pillion!!
- If one is not comfortable in tightly holding the rider, a safe distance close to the rider must be maintained. Closer the distance, safer for the pillion during sudden accelerations and brakes. If the distance is wide, there are heavy chances of the pillion falling off the two-wheeler and causing casualties.

e. Communication is KEY!!
- Information and alerts before sudden brakes or heavy acceleration of deceleration is very important to maintain as the pillion is unaware of what the rider would do next. The rider must be able to inform the pillion passenger about the sharp turns, brakes and speed bumps so that the passenger in the pillion seat can prepare themselves to be safe.

f. Longer travels? Backrests? YES!!
- Keeping the pillion passengers' comfort as a priority here, if the two-wheeler is out on a longer ride, a backrest is a must. It can get really uncomfortable for the person on the pillion to not lean onto anything for a long period of time on the road. An uncomfortable pillion passenger will try to find a comfortable seating position where they will have to continuously change their positions. Consequently, there may occur a disbalance in the two-wheeler and uncertain situations might take place.


g. Eyes on the ROAD!!
- Yes, the rider, obviously and then the pillion has to have their eyes glued to the road. It is necessary to be aware of the foreign situation and elements surrounding the two-wheeler. As the pillion passenger is able to navigate what is happening on the road, it will be easier for them to react according to the rider's tone of movements. It will be easier for the rider as well as they will not have to convey everything to the passenger seated on the pillion.

Survive This Winter Trip


Are you planning a two-wheeler trip this cold winter? Do you think you’re prepared for the ride? Do you have all the essentials? Did you make a checklist? Don’t worry NepaliWheels has you covered with the list of essentials for your trip!! It’s getting super cold. The weather is getting gloomy and chilly. With some sunny weekends that you witness, you would want to make the most out of it.

“Why not visit a short ride location for a short winter getaway?”

Around the valley, Dhulikhel, Nagarkot, Chandragiri, Bethanchowk, Kulekhani, Pharping are some of the most popular locations that can be easily reached through two-wheelers. These are 2 to 3 hour rides on two-wheelers, generally short, but it is crucial to be careful on the road, pack essentials for yourself and the vehicle specially for the winter season. Trips on two-wheelers are cold and windy, it's necessary to keep yourself and the vehicle safe from the winter winds. We have listed some very important things to put on your short winter trips essentials checklist, specifically for your entire ride on the bike or a scooter.


a. Protective gears for the rider
- Accessories such as a thick windproof jacket, a baclava, neck warmers, windproof gloves, knee guards are the key protective gears required as a necessity for winter rides and as we’re talking about trips on two-wheeler, it's a must. These gears are better explained in our article namely “Gears for Rides: Winter Edition”. Gears are essential not only for the riders but the person sitting on the pillion seat must also be well protected from the winter winds and more importantly pollution in the valley.


b. Head Gears
- Head gears include accessories such as a protective full helmet, LED headlamps, earplugs, and more. A full coverage helmet is a must for both the rider and the pillion passenger. Helmets have dual protective advantages which include safety from accidents and from the cold winds during the ride. Earplugs may sound new but they are important for longer rides as it plays an important role in eliminating the harsh sounds that enter through the helmet's crevasses. LED headlamps and protective goggles can be attached onto the helmet itself. Anti-Fog visors are a must during these cold rides. You can know more about how to make your helmet’s visor anti-fog in our article namely “Worried helmet visor fogging up”.

These above mentioned points are more inclined towards the rider and the pillion passengers protective tips for the two-wheeler trip. Now we will look more into how the two-wheeler should be taken care of during these harsh winter rides.


c. Tire Plug kit
- These are the small portable tire plug kits that are used when there is puncture that can be handled by minor plug fixings. The availability of two-wheeler workshops is low when one is on the road. So it is important to have small fixtures and spare tools such as screwdrivers, ball-end allen keys, combination spanners etc on hand for any minor emergency that can be fixed by the rider themselves. These plug kits come in handy as the roads on the trips are unpredictable and minor pointy objects could result in massive punctures to the tires.


d. Chain Lubricants
- These lubricants can be available in smaller bottle versions that are fit for travel kits. Winter roads are dry and dusty which causes the chains to be covered in these dust and alien objects on the road. Chain lubricants must be kept on hand so that it is easy to simply lubricate the chains for a better and smooth ride.


e. Battery check
- A battery check before, during and after the ride is really essential. During the winters, the most affected part of a two-wheeler is the battery. Due to the temperature, the viscosity of the liquid inside thickens and makes the battery’s performance low. This will impact the bike or scooter’s electric ignition, electricals such as the lights, horns, head and tail lamps and more.


f. Antifreeze additives
- These are the additional special coolants that prevent the water in the two-wheelers radiator from freezing. These additives are an extra mile of protection of the two-wheeler's engine in the cold freezing winters. These antifreeze are easily available in an already mixed mixture and can be directly added to the system to make the engine function smoothly even after a freezing winter night.

g. Bike covers
- These are another small element to protecting the two-wheeler, specially when it is parked overnight. The alien location might not have a designated parking facility. So, to be on a safe hand, it would be wise to take a bike/scooter cover of your own to cover and protect the two-wheeler from any external agent.
These small gears and protective elements can be easily stored inside the scooter underseat storage or if the two-wheeler is a bike then a small dry bag would be more than enough for these essentials to make your winter trip safe, smooth and hassle free.

World Of Bikes | Yamaha

Yamaha: this reminds me of the music as well as the motorcycle industry. Being able to excel in both the industries, Yamaha has been able to set a name for itself in every widespread genre it enters into. Yamaha has its roots that originate from the small town of Hamamatsu in Japan. Torakusu Yamaha was always fascinated with western Science and Technology. This led him to taking up watch making, studying business and as well as repairing medical equipment as his hobbies. Yamaha as a company came into existence when Torakusu Yamaha was once invited to Hamamatsu Jinjo Elementary School to repair a Reed organ; a musical instrument. He then saw potential in the reed organ manufacturing industry and started creating his own variant of reed organ with the brand Yamaha. Improving his organ, studying music theory and tuning made him complete the actual organ that everybody loved. It is really surprising how a pioneer in the automobile industry today, once came into existence through the musical instruments industry and how its manufacturer had his hands on every technical knowledge back in the time.
Yamaha as a reed organ manufacturer was established in the year 1887 A.D. He then continued manufacturing more musical instruments that ranged from the original reed organ, piano, guitar, trumpets, drums and beyond. In the year 1955, the Yamaha company saw a turn. They split into an instrument manufacturing company and an automobile; specifically motorcycle manufacturing company. The first ever Yamaha motorcycle was the YA-1 Motorcycle, nicknamed “The Red Dragonfly”. This bike was a 125cc, 2 stroke, single cylinder street bike that was sold in Japan solely. Slowly and gradually it moved towards 250cc street bikes and even an outboard motor.

IN 1963,
“From participating in the World Grand Prix to collaborating with Toyota in manufacturing a Toyota 2000GT sports car to being featured in a James Bond movie to winning its first 250cc Daytona Grand Prix, Yamaha has seen it all!!”

Then comes its era of excelling the two-wheeler industry, globally. Yamaha started manufacturing commuter vehicles from the year 1960. Henceforth, this company has been unstoppable. Yamaha did easily enter the Asian market of the globe. After being established as Yamaha Motor Corporation in the USA, it made its first entrance into India in the year 1985. With multiple changes in the company's policies of establishment and launch to the Indian market, in 2008, the “The Indian Yamaha Motor Private Limited” (IYM) was established.

In terms of Nepal, Yamaha Nepal (now called MAW) and the Escorts Group under 50:50 joint venture agreement, launched Yamaha automobiles into Nepal in the year 1996. Since then, Yamaha has become one of the most popular, consistent and loved brands in the Nepali market for two-wheelers. MAW now controls companies such as Yamaha, Yamaha Music, Fiat, Skoda, Greaves, JCB, Escorts and more. Talking more about Yamaha; the motorcycle company, Nepal was blessed with the well built Yamaha bikes and scooters since it entered Nepal. The most iconic Yamaha bikes include the FZ series and the R1M series and the most iconic Yamaha scooters include the Ray ZR series and the Fascino model.

The Yamaha bike price in Nepal ranges from Rs. 3,28,000 to Rs. 4,80,000 for the FZ series whereas the racing model R1M series ranges from Rs. 5,20,000 to Rs. 5,90,000 (prices are round figured for convenience). The Yamaha MT 15 price in Nepal ranges from Rs. 4,80,000 to Rs. 4,95,000 (prices are round figured for convenience). It is a new model of Yamaha Nepal launched in early 2022. Yamaha scooters include the most expensive Nmax model, the Yamaha Fascino models and the Yamaha Ray ZR models. The Yamaha scooter prices in Nepal ranges from Rs. 2,20,00 to Rs. 2,97,000 for the Yamaha Ray ZR variants, Rs. 2,18,000 to Rs. 2,68,000 for the Fascino variants and Rs. 4,70,000 for the Yamaha NMax 155 (prices are round figured for convenience).
Yamaha’s bike and scooter prices in Nepal range from a wide variety to specifications and models. The versatile nature of Yamaha two-wheelers has made the company move its way upwards and only upwards. Yamaha Nepal has made its way to the top tier two-wheeler companies in Nepal. This shows how its versatility, consistency and variation in product has bought the company good brand name and recognition among the users widespread all over the provinces of Nepal. We are waiting for Yamaha Nepal to further expand its horizon of two-wheeler models to more sporty and youthful bikes and scooters.

Yadea G5 | Full Review

INTRODUCTION:
Established in the year 2001, Yadea Group Holdings, is headquartered in Shanghai, China. Popular in the Asian market, it is pretty well-renowned globally and stands as the No.1 brand selling electric vehicles in the world and has the world’s largest production capacity of electric two-wheelers.

“Yadea is one of the very first asia and consistent supporters of the FIFA world cup 2022. Yadea has represented south asian countries in the 2018 and 2022 FIFA world cup.” Yadea Electric scooters are specially known for its power, tech savvy features, luxury and premium products and the value it gives to its buyers.

BODY OVERVIEW:
This is an elegant, bold and strong looking electric scooter. The Hollywood actor Vin Diesel being the face of the brand adds major boldness to the brand image. The most attractive part of the scooter is the 7 inch VA LCD display console on the top of the scooter. This is one of the largest display screens on any electric or petrol scooter available in Nepal. The digital display shows speed indicators, battery level, indicator lights and other important information for the rider. Additionally, the brightness setting is adjustable too this console also supports bluetooth connectivity. The entire lighting system is LED. Top front section looks super elegant and has a sleek headlight placed a little lower than usual. With ample legroom area we can find a storage hook, a small bottle storage compartment and a charging port too. Major highlight of the rear section is the very comfortable seating arrangement. The Pillion seat even comes with grab handles and back support. Under this seat, we can find a massive 26 liter underseat storage. As the battery compartment is perfectly adjusted under the leg room, users are able to enjoy such a massive underseat storage. One simple YADEA branding is done on the entire body of the scooter which shows how simple yet premium it is. The logo designed brake lamps and futuristic looking tail lamps are LED too.

“Yadea’s sleek, premium yet futuristic design has been elegantly integrated all over the

scooters body”

SPECIFICATION AND PERFORMANCE:

“Major highlight is the battery system of YADEA.”

Yadea G5 is equipped with the 60V 32AH Panasonic Lithium 18650 cells technology, intelligent battery management system. The intelligent BMS is able to prevent the scooters battery from short circuits, over current, over temperature, short line, over charge and over discharge and other additional features makes the BMS system to help set the battery on Auto ECO mode. The battery weighs around 8-10 kgs and the best thing about this is that it is portable. This means that the battery can be transported to any location if recharge is required. From your own room to office and especially while traveling this comes in handy. This battery has an IP57 waterproof rating and the battery system is well protected. It takes 6 full hours to charge from 0 to 100% and the battery life cycle is 800 cycles. Yadea also provides 2 years warranty on the battery as well as the motor.
The GTR 3.0 motor which powers this electric scooter also has won the Guinness book of world records. This motor is able to produce 2300 W of max power and 120 Nm of max torque along with a top speed of 60Kmph. At 100% battery, the scooter's range is estimated at 80 km which is normal for electric scooters in nepal. With these very specifications it has earned its space in the Guinness book of world records for the longest riding electric scooter ever. The scooter's ability to handle double loads is pretty impressive. It is definitely surprising how strong an electric scooter can be. Almost every electric scooter usually has a soundless feature, no matter how hard the accelerator is throttled, Yadea G5 does not produce a single sound or vibration which is good for the environment.

WHEELS, SUSPENSION AND BRAKING:
Yadea G5 has 12 inch tubeless wheels as a strong base to this powerful scooter. The rim of the wheels are of a different and unique design. The scooters chassis/frame is made of a cold- rolled stainless frame which complements the bold and sporty yet premium stance of the scooter. This chassis/frame structure has increased the overall dimensional tolerance and minimized the feel of vibrations. This defines Yadea G5’s heavy weight tolerance capacity.

The front suspension is a front hydraulic shock absorption suspension set and on the rear we can see a pure aluminum rear fork. Dual disc brakes on both ends of the scooter are very responsive. Talking about dimensions, the scooter measures 1810 mm in length, 700mm in width, 1270 mm in wheelbase and 1150 mm in height. Another important dimension is the ground clearance of 160mm, very similar to many sporty petrol scooters available in Nepal. This makes the Yadea G5 a very versatile scooter in the Nepali market.

CONCLUSION:
Yadea G5 is surprisingly a strong utility scooter, with its premium, elegant and sleek looks. When you drive it you will know its true potential. YADEA G5 with its bluetooth connectivity provides an experience to its users in this new market segment with its very straightforward and advanced technology. Features like side stand engine cut off and strong disc brakes, shows how Yadea will do more and better in the future. In city travel, short city rides and for regular use, electric scooters are the way to go. With the mission to “Electrify your life”, Yadea has been successfully operating in over 90 countries. Yadea G5has given everything a good electric two-wheeler should provide, it could definitely improve on some aspects. It is priced at Rs. 3,50,000 and as a New Year fest offer Yadea is giving a cash discount of Rs. 10,000 for every Yadea G5 purchase. The color options are red, blue black and gray. If I had to choose for myself the gray Yadea G5 would be the one as it is the color that perfectly blends in the scooter's premiumness and power.

5-Step Guide To New Bike riders

The population of two-wheelers and two-wheeler riders is growing at a rapid rate in Nepal. Looking at the status of the roads and alleys of Nepal, two-wheelers are the most convenient form of personal transportation in moving from one location to the other. These two-wheelers are used in every urban city to a suburban town as it is an easier and faster mode of transportation. There is a vigorously growing number of two-wheeler riders who need to know the basics to be safe when driving the bike or scooter. We have listed the 5 crucial steps that every two-wheeler owner and rider must fulfill.


1. Know your VEHICLE!!!
- If you do not not where the indicator lights are placed and how to turn it off, if you do not know how your vehicles would react to a sudden break or heavy acceleration, if you do not understand the mechanism between the clutch and the movement of the vehicle, if you do not understand how the automatic engine turn off function works it is useless to be driving the vehicle. Especially when new riders are unaware of the minute features in their two-wheeler it may cause unpredictable casualties due a small mistake that they may be unaware of. Thus, it is important to go on guided test rides before riding on the roads alone. Most importantly “ride what you can balance and handle easily.”

2. Safety Gears is a must!
- Be it a helmet, riding gloves, chest guards for the winter, or to get a bit extra knee pads and leg pads, it is essential to invest in these safety riding gears. Two-wheelers expose the rider directly into their environments where situations are unpredictable and thus to always be safe, it is really important for a new rider to be aware of investing in good quality and well built safety gears for their own protection.

3. Always abide by the traffic rules!
- Traffic signals, road signs, road ethics, each of these elements must be carefully fulfilled so that the rider is being ethical. Correct way to overtake a vehicle, safe distance between vehicles must always be in mind. Traffic rules are things that you cannot miss to obey or the consequences could actually result in casualties.

4. Regular Maintenance is necessary!
- Vehicles are machines that are operated by the riders and they must also be taken care of. New riders are recommended to visit the service stations themselves and learn more about their two-wheeler in-person when it is being serviced. Similarly, regular checks before rides are crucial to identify any mishap before one is on the road.

5. Insurance!
- According to the Vehicle Act of Nepal, it is compulsory to have third-party liability when purchased. But just a third-party insurance would not be enough to cover all the possible damage to the bike and the riders. Thus, a new rider should immediately appeal for a two-wheeler insurance at a trusted insurance firm to keep them and their vehicle insured of any mishap that happens to them.

To all the new riders, BE SAFE, BE CONFIDENT, FOLLOW THE RULES AND ENJOY THE
RIDE.